What is Diabetic Shock?



Definition of Diabetic shock

As a result of a serious case of hypoglycemia, diabetic shock can occur. In hypoglycemia, the patient’s blood sugar levels are extremely low. In such as circumstance, there is the possibility that the patient can go into a diabetic shock. Such a situation can lead to the dangerous occurrence of coma or partial unconsciousness. Therefore, a patient with symptoms indicating diabetic shock needs immediate medical attention.


There are quite a number of possible causes for such serious low blood glucose levels. One cause can be the taking of diabetes medication by the patient. Excessive medication, such as getting too much insulin, which is commonly used by type 1 diabetics, can induce such as a shock. Diabetic shock can also be the result of over exercising, a case of vomiting or diarrhea, too many alcoholic drinks, and insufficient food. Actually, shock can occur in any individual if the person’s blood glucose levels get too low, although this happens more frequently among diabetics.


Usually, particular symptoms are shown by the person who is suffering from diabetic shock. This person can experience dizziness, nervousness, confusion and blurry or double vision. The person can experience cold sweats and begin to shake or tremble. Other symptoms can be difficulty in speaking, inability to concentrate, fatigue, palpitations and convulsions.

Additional signs of the condition which can be observed are paleness and a skin which feels clammy. The pupils of the person may begin to change. The person can become weaker until he or she may feel like fainting. There are some who do become unconscious as their blood glucose descend to a level which is too low.

Mild Symptoms :

  • Rapid heart beat.
  • Sweating.
  • Shakiness.
  • Hunger.
  • Moodiness.
  • Irritability.
  • Dizziness.

Moderate Symptoms:

  • Poor coordination.
  • Headache.
  • Confusion.

Serious Symptoms:

  • Coma.
  • Seizures.
  • Fainting and unconsciousness.

Immediate medical attention is required by a person who goes into a diabetic shock as this health problem can result in a coma or death. Fast action to increase the amount of blood sugar is necessary. Glucose may be given intravenously if the patient has already gone into shock. This method is the fastest way to get glucose to the cells.


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If someone with diabetic shock is still alert and conscious, some kind of food which contains sugar like some juice, sweets or candy can be given to the person to prevent him or her from becoming getting more serious symptoms such as unconsciousness or coma. The possibility of getting diabetic shock can be lessened through self monitoring of blood sugar levels to make sure the levels stay in the normal range. Frequently, diabetics on medication who have suffered from shock have to change their medications in order to prevent future incidences.

If your hypoglycemia is mild or moderate :

Other snacks may help to raise your blood sugar level as below :

  • 3 – 5 glucose tablets.
  • One-quarter cup of raisin.
  • 1 tablespoon of honey or sugar.
  • 1 cup of orange juice or milk.
  • 1 1/2 cups of regular soda (not diet).
*** Posted By Natasha A.Nada ***