It takes many days for hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) to develop. It normally occurs when the pancreas does not produce sufficient insulin to convert sugar into energy. When this happens, the blood sugar levels are raised so high that it becomes necessary for your body to pass out the sugar together with the urine.
Some Of The Causes Of Hyperglycemia Are:
- Poor management of the condition, with no regular or sufficient supply of insulin to the body.
The Following Symptoms Indicate Hyperglycemia:
- Often thirsty and the frequent urge to urinate.
- Too high blood glucose levels.
- The presence of ketones in urine.
- General weakness, stomachache, body pain.
- Signs of difficulty in breathing.
- Poor appetite, the urge to vomit and expelling food from the stomach.
- Extremely tired.
Urine Ketone Testing and Blood Glucose Monitoring
To know if there is hyperglycemia, check your blood sugar levels and urine every day. When your blood sugar levels are constantly high or you detect ketones in your urine, inform your doctor at once. Through urine ketone testing and blood glucose monitoring, hyperglycemia can be easily be detected so that your doctor can act on it to prevent it from reaching a more serious level.
So, if your glucose levels are higher than your normal range for 3 consecutive tests, you should:
- Consult your health care provider at once.
- Take drinks which do not have sugar content.
- Monitor your blood glucose levels more often.
- Test for ketones in your urine.
To Prevent Hyperglycemia:
- Your diabetes meal plan must be adhered to.
- Have physical activities every day.
- Medicine must be taken as directed.
- Check your blood glucose levels to make sure that food, medicine and exercise are proportionately right for your body.
- Inform your doctor of any sickness or excessive stress so that he can make adjustments to your treatment.
- Inform your health care providers about all the medicines you take, not forgetting those bought without prescription.
Update on Cinnamon for Blood Sugar Control – Video Guide
Ketoacidosis and Nonketotic Hyperosmosis Syndrome
Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Type 1 Diabetes
Diabetic ketoacidosis is the possible consequence for neglected high blood glucose levels. Luckily, it can be prevented with proper management of diabetes.
Ketoacidosis usually occurs in Type 1 diabetics, developing in just a few days. It is due to the increasing amount of toxic substances known as ketones which form when there is insufficient insulin to convert glucose into energy and fat has to be used instead to give energy to the body. As the amount of ketones increases in the blood, it presents problems to the body.
The best way for a diabetic to prevent ketoacidosis is a health maintenance program in which the following matters must be strictly followed.
- Inform your health care provider about every medicine you use.
- Monitor your blood glucose levels regularly and inform your doctor on any rise in blood sugar levels.
- Follow doctor’s instruction regarding the time for and dosage of insulin.
- Check for the presence of ketones in your urine.
- Check the expiry date of your insulin. Do not use any which is past the expiry date.(see Insulin Uses)
Nonketotic Hyperosmosis Syndrome in Type 2 Diabetes
When blood glucose levels reach a certain high level, the blood thickens and you have what is called a NKOS (Nonketotic Hyperosmosis Syndrome). Type 2 diabetics over the age of 50 are in the group usually having such a problem. In NKOS, although blood glucose levels do go too high, ketones are not formed as the presence of sufficient insulin precludes the need to use stored fat for energy. Even though NKOS seldom happens, you must be aware of its symptoms as NKOS is a dangerous enough to need immediate medical attention.
The following are nonketotic hyperosmosis syndrome symptoms.
- Too much thirst together with frequent urination to produce dehydration.
- Too much loss in weight.
- Very tired.
- Low blood pressure.
Extreme dehydration can lead to confusion and disorientation. Unless this is realized early, the sufferer can lapse into unconsciousness. Emergency treatment of such dehydration consists of sending fluid into the body intravenously and the injecting of insulin.
NKOS(Nonketotic Hyperosmosis Syndrome) can be the first diabetes symptom for a number of people. Monitoring blood glucose levels at particular intervals can assist by showing the really high levels of blood glucose that follows nonketotic hyperosmosis syndrome.