ADA Blood Sugar Levels.

 

 

Glucose Levels for Diabetes

The possibility of complications decreases when blood glucose is kept within a target range. Studies show that better control of blood glucose reduces the possibility of getting diabetic nerve disease (neuropathy), kidney disease (nephropathy), and eye disease (retinopathy).

The blood sugar range given below has been recommended by the ADA( American Diabetes Association).

Preschoolers and Toddlers (under 6 years old)

  • Bedtime as well as overnight: 110 – 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).
  • Pre-meal: 100 – 180 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).
  • A1c: Below 8.5 percent.

School-age children (6 – 12 years old)

  • Bedtime as well as overnight: 100 – 180 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).
  • Pre-meal: 90 – 180 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).
  • A1c: Below 8.0 percent.

Young adults and adolescents (13 – 19 years old)

  • Bedtime as well as overnight: 90 – 150 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).
  • Pre-meal: 90 – 130 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).
  • A1c: below 7.5 percent.

Women who have GDM(gestational diabetes)

  • 1 – 2 hours post-meal: 120 – 140 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).
  • Pre-meal: 95 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or lower.

Women with type I or type II diabetes who become pregnant

  • 1 – 2 hours post-meal: 100 – 129 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL )or less.
  • Pre- meal, bedtime, as well as overnight: 60 – 99 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL)
  • A1c: Below 6.0 percent.

Adults (non-pregnant)

  • 1 – 2 hours post- meal: Below 180 milligrams per deciliter(mg/dL).
  • Pre-meal:  70 to 130 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).
  • A1c: Below 7.0 percent. 

Blood Sugar Levels – Video Guide

Incidences of hypoglycemia are risks faced by diabetics who control their blood glucose too well with insulin or other oral diabetes medicines. These people may not realize their level of blood glucose has gone too low. Because of this danger, some diabetics must put their blood glucose target higher. Get your practitioner to help you to set the blood glucose range suitable for you so as to lower the possibility of hypoglycemia.

Those diabetics who have to use a higher blood glucose range are:

  • Children below the age of 7 years : Hypoglycemia can be detrimental to the development of the brain in such young children. Due to difference in the amount of food consumed and the level of activity from one day to another, the possibility of hypoglycemia is greater when blood glucose levels are too well controlled. There is also the problem of their communication skills when talking about symptoms experienced.
  • Pre-puberty children : Pre-puberty children are apparently able to escape the complications of diabetes. The child is older and able to know the first indications of low blood glucose, and so can have the blood glucose level lowered to an adult’s target range.
  • Diabetics who have serious illnesses as a result of diabetes complications like kidney failure.  These people will not derive any benefit from blood glucose level control.
  • Certain seniors : Seniors suffering from atherosclerosis and having the possibility of complications such as stroke or heart attack due to low blood glucose levels need to use higher blood glucose range.
*** Posted By Natasha A. Svendsen ***