Alzheimerâs disease is a type of dementia that is connected quite closely with type 2 diabetes.
Symptoms of Alzheimerâs are memory loss and confusion. It usually occurs to older people. At present there is no cure for Alzheimerâs although the progression of the disease can be slowed down.
What is Alzheimerâs?
It is a type of dementia that is believed to happen to approximately 1 out of 15 persons above 65 years of age.
The illness occurs due to damage of brain cells and nerves, and its initial symptoms are forgetfulness, speech difficulties and confusion.
This disease got its name from Alois Alzheimer, a psychiatrist from Germany, who was the first person to notice the illness.
How are Â Alzheimerâs and type 2 diabetes connected?
To this day, the cause of Alzheimerâs has yet to be completely understood. Therefore, the connection between type 2 diabetes and Alzheimerâs is not yet fully known.
Nevertheless, the two diseases appear to be connected as type 2 diabetics who are above 60 are found to have double the chance than those non-diabetics have in getting Alzheimers.
A reason for Alzheimerâ to be more common among diabetics is the damage of blood capillaries. Since these blood capillaries takes oxygen and nutrition to the nerves and cells, their damage will also lead to the damage of nerves and cells which no longer can be fed. When the nerves and the cells of the brain are thus damaged, Alzheimerâs occur.
Similarities between Alzheimerâs and type 2 diabetes
There are many similarities between Alzheimerâs and type 2 diabetes.
- Symptoms develop slowly.
- There is no cure at the moment.
- The possibility of these conditions developing increases as one gets older.
- Genetic factors brings higher risks.
Is Alzheimer’s Diabetes? – Video Guide
Signs and symptoms of Alzheimerâs?
The initial symptoms of the disease are irritability, forgetfulness, confusion, and reading and speech problems.
Since Alzheimerâs slowly but gradually deteriorates with time, it is known as a progressive disease.
When Alzheimerâs progresses, the initial symptoms becomes worse and other symptoms such as incontinence, long-term memory loss, more frequent mood swings, repetitive behavior and delusion manifest themselves.
During advanced stages of Alzheimerâs, people may not be able to feed themselves or talk in sentences.
How is Alzheimerâs diagnosed?
Like type 2 diabetes, Alzheimerâs is often not noticed early since the condition develops too slowly and their symptoms can be mistaken for those of other health problems such as depression and thyroid problems, and even ageing.
Different from diabetes, there exists no simple diagnostic test for diagnosis and therefore, there may probably be a need for more than one visit to a neurologist, psychiatrist or clinical psychologist to confirm the disease.
How is Alzheimerâs treated?
There are some medications which are used to treat Alzheimerâs disease and they are:
- Donepezil which is sold under the Exelon brand.
- Rivastigmine which is available under the Exelon brand.
- Galantamine which is sold under the Reminyl brand.
- Memantine which is sold under the Ebixa brand.
There are other treatments which attempt to provide the brain with stimulation which can be memory, language or problem solving exercises.
At present, there is research to look into the possibility of using diabetes drugs to treat Alzheimerâs disease. However, the research has a long way to go as it is still in its infancy
How can my risk of getting Alzheimerâs be lessened?
Several of the actions necessary for the prevention of Alzheimerâs are similar to the lifestyle changes recommended for diabetes. They are:
Besides the above, it is important to maintain an active social life, taking part in some kind of course or program, playing games, writing, and reading so that your brain is kept engaged and active.
Since there is possibly a connection between diabetes and Alzheimerâs, having good control over your diabetes should be able to lessen the chance of getting Alzheimerâs.
Will I be able to drive if I have Alzheimerâs?
According to the law, those who suffer from Alzheimerâs have to inform the DVLA of their problem. Upon being told about your condition, the DVLA will require you to answer and return a questionnaire given by it. Then you have to give permission for the DVLA to ask your doctor whether you a capable of driving before you are permitted to do so.